What does referencing include?
A. In-text citations, which could take three forms:
- Paraphrasing, in which you keep carefully the original author’s >B. A reference list during the end of the essay, which include details such as for instance:
- Date of publication
- Publisher and put of publication (for books)
- Journal name, issue and volume(for journals)
- Internet address or doi (digital object >
Referencing is integral to academic essay writing and really shouldn’t be looked at as an ‘add-on’. You ensure 100% accuracy when you are referencing, always use a referencing guide to help.
Normally, when writing an essay at university you are likely to use only academic sources. The following learning guide on source credibility will assist you to determine whether an external source is academic or otherwise not.
The chocolate essay uses the APA style of referencing, that will be very easy to distinguish through the Harvard Author-Date System, while the format is different:
|attempt to achieve a balance between both types of in text-references in your essay writing.|
In the APA style of referencing, the reference list has conventions that are certain you have to also follow. Check out examples through the chocolate essay:
|Don’t make referencing something you will do just as an editing or proofreading activity. Include your citations that are in-text reference list in the first draft.|
An website that is excellent assistance with your APA referencing may be the APA Interactive tool at Massey University.
Leave yourself time that is enough have a look at your essay more often than once. For a 1000 word essay you need at the least three days to redraft your essay.
|Always save each draft as a file that is separate then you can certainly see how your essay develops and improves.|
Here you will find the types of questions you should think about:
You can also glance at other checklists similar to this one on editing your own work.
Let’s observe how the composer of the chocolate essay redrafted their original introduction:
Now compare the aforementioned with all the draft that is final
Since Spanish explorers brought back chocolate from the “” new world “”, chocolate consumption is becoming a worldwide phenomenon. A derivative of the cacao bean, was consumed as a drink, only later achieving mass popularity in tablet or bar form at first, chocolate. However, chocolate’s popularity that is inherent not equate to it possessing healthy properties, as suggested by the title. The realities of chocolate are more down to earth; a number among these realities are going to be addressed in this essay. Chocolate has chemical properties that can influence mood and there is evidence that is possible some positive impacts of chocolate on cardiovascular health. Yet, such positive attributes are counterbalanced somewhat by the argument that, in a few instances, chocolate can be viewed a drug instead of a food. Moreover, you have the chance of some correlation between over-consumption of obesity and chocolate. Thus, it should be argued that despite chocolate’s positive effect in some cases on mood together with cardiovascular system it has additionally been associated with addiction and obesity.
Spend some time and become careful when redrafting—it will be worth it!
How do you write in an academic way?
Your lecturers will want to hear your ‘voice’ as they read your essay.
Imagine your essay as a type or kind of story. You might be the storyteller that is principal the inner voice for the writer, leading the reader right through to your conclusion.
Through the story, you will find different voices that appear every once in awhile. These are the external voices (citations) that add substance to your story, providing detail and support for what you will be saying or even giving an alternative perspective. The external voices could be split into two categories in your essay: the direct external voice of an author (through a direct quote) therefore the indirect external voice of an author (through a paraphrase).
Your reader has to know after all right times whose voice they’ve been hearing. Will it be your voice that is internal or external voice of other authors?
You might wonder ways to include your personal voice but still sound academic when you are writing about a subject area in that you’ve little (or no) knowledge. As well as your voice doesn’t mean that you need to say ‘I think’ or ‘in my opinion’.
Below are a few examples of the critical/analytical language you present other people’s ideas that you can use as your own internal voice when:
|While you are drafting your paragraphs, use a system that is colour-coding the one used here. It can help you make sure your academic voice is that is clear|
You will gradually expand the language of your critical internal voice when you get more confident in using external sources. The Phrasebank website at Manchester University provides types of some more expressions to make use of when assessing external sources.
Editing centers around the big picture elements such as overall structure, appropriate paragraphing and if the question happens to be answered.
Proofreading has a micro-focus on the important points of the essay, such as for instance formatting, grammar and punctuation.
Everybody has their very own style that is personal of and proofreading. You will need to concentrate on the kinds of errors you commonly make by looking at the marker’s comments on your previous work.
Some individuals proofread alone; some get other individuals involved. Having others involved is a idea that is really good.